Energy and Science Projects for Students
A good science project is an experiment that provides an
answer to a question. There are certain steps that should be followed
with care when doing a project. Judges are always attracted to the
fresh and original ideas. Original ideas are those that move the
concepts from the textbook one step ahead with innovative methods. A
well-defined objective or goal is very important to impress the judges.
An innovative idea with a well-designed goal attracts the judge towards
A student must know the scientific methodologies, theories,
terms and techniques used in his/her project. Judges look for a student
who can interpret the project well and also they check whether the
student has an in-depth knowledge of his/her project. A good project
should reflect the level of learning and understanding of the student.
A completed project should address the original question and also
answer all the other questions that can come up during the
A project is considered complete, only if it provides all
evidence and data to support the claim. A student should enjoy their
project work and should have creative thinking. Time and
effort are the two important factors that make a project successful.
High marks are awarded to the project that contains good experimental
apparatus, correct data, thorough research, analytical
techniques, real world methods, repeating steps to verify
results, clear explanation of the project, and actual scientific
Teachers and judges will ask many questions such as origin of
the idea for the project, level of learning from the background
analysis, time taken for making the apparatus, method used to build the
apparatus, working behavior of the apparatus, time taken to complete
the project, related scientific methods or principles with respect to
the project, books used in the analysis, and other experiments related
to the current project.
The following are energy and science projects that you may
want to explore further:
Chemical/ Stored Energy Projects
- Peanut Power: An experiment that
determines the stored chemical energy in a peanut and explains how the
energy is converted to do some work.
- Make Batteries from Fruits and Vegetables:
This experiment clearly illustrates simple methods to make batteries
from fruits and vegetables with the help of metal
- Home Made Generator: This
experiment explains the easy method of making a simple electric
generator using magnets.
- Aluminum Air Battery: An
experiment to make a simple battery using aluminum foil, activated
charcoal, and saltwater.
- Bend Water: An experiment to find
out how static electricity can be used to bend water.
Hydro Power/ Water Energy Projects
- Steam Powered Rocket Boat: An
experiment to create a steam powered rocket boat with easily available
- Water Turbine: An experiment to
create a working model of water turbine and figure out the amount of
electricity produced from the water turbine.
- Splitting Water: An experiment to
split water (H2O) into hydrogen and oxygen using pencils.
- Pizza Box Solar Oven: An experiment
to build up simple solar oven to warm up cookies and other food items.
- Solar Collector: An experiment to
make a solar collector to understand the principle behind the solar
- Water from Plants: An experiment to
collect water from plants using solar power.
- Infrared: An experiment to
understand infrared using Herschel's experiment and learn the
relationship between wavelength and frequency.
Wind Energy Projects
- Anemometer: A simple experiment to
create an anemometer to study the speed of the wind.
- Wind Streamer: An experiment to
make a wind streamer to find out the direction of the wind.
- Light Bulb: An experiment to make a
light bulb using a cork stopper, nail, battery, and some wires.
- Hot Air Balloon: An experiment to
understand why and how hot air balloons fly.
- Thermometer: An experiment
to make a thermometer to find out the change in temperature.
Here are a few additional resources to science projects:
Nye the Science Guy: Select home demos for many science
- Zoom Science: This page lists
number of projects developed by kids for kids.
- Science Home: This site lists more
than 400 projects for students and teachers.